If you want to run a low-powered adventure—or explore a time before your characters became notable heroes—try using 0th-level characters. These rookies have not yet mastered a class, relying entirely on their race, background, and wits to survive.

This chapter introduces rules to create and use rookie characters in your adventures.

Gavil hid, heart pounding, as the town burned. He couldn't fight goblins—he was just a butcher! But then he heard the girls screaming. Gavil grabbed his cleaver tight and charged out into the street...

Creating a Rookie

Creating a new rookie character is easy: roll for a race, a background, a saving throw, and your ability scores—that's it, you're done. Rookies don't gain a class until they survive an adventure—or gain 150 XP—and reach 1st-level.

You gain all the skills, proficiencies, equipment, and wealth of your race and background combined—excluding the background feature. Roll for your characteristics and any other character details.

Your starting hit points, hit die, and armor/weapon proficiencies are determined by your background—check the Rookie Details table below for full details.

Rookie Details

Background Hit
Proficiency Bonus Armor
Starting Cantrips
Acolyte 3 + CON 1d4 +2 Simple 2 cleric or warlock
Charlatan 4 + CON 1d6 +2 Light Simple 1 bard or sorcerer
Criminal 4 + CON 1d6 +2 Light, Medium Simple
Entertainer 4 + CON 1d6 +2 Light Simple 1 bard or wizard
Folk Hero 4 + CON 1d6 +2 Light Simple, Martial
Guild Artisan 4 + CON 1d6 +2 Light Simple 1 cleric or wizard
Hermit 3 + CON 1d4 +2 Simple 2 druid or wizard
Noble 4 + CON 1d6 +2 Light, Medium Simple, Martial
Outlander 4 + CON 1d6 +2 Light Simple, Martial 1 cleric or druid
Sage 3 + CON 1d4 +2 Simple 2 sorcerer or wizard
Sailor 5 + CON 1d8 +2 Light, Medium Simple
Soldier 6 + CON 1d10 +2 All Armor, Shields Simple, Martial
Urchin 3 + CON 1d4 +2 Simple 2 sorcerer or warlock

Saving Throws

Rookies are proficient in one random saving throw—roll on the Saving Throw table below to see which. You may do this before you assign your ability scores.

Rookie Saving Throw

d6 Ability
1 Strength
2 Dexterity
3 Constitution
4 Intelligence
5 Wisdom
6 Charisma

At the start of a new rookie adventure, the player rolls for their race and background—they are Ulryn, a drow elf hermit with proficiency in Charisma saving throws. They then roll for their ability scores as normal.

Ulryn gains all the perks and equipment of her race and background (excluding the background feature), and starts with (3 + CON) hit points and one d4 hit die. As a hermit, she has only 5 gp to spend on starting equipment—life as a rookie is tough.

Variant: Starting Cantrips

If you want to introduce some limited, low level magic into your adventure, use this Starting Cantrips variant.

Some backgrounds, through their limited training and experience, have access to one or two magical cantrips. If your rookie has starting cantrips, pick these at random—you may choose the class of magic before each selection. If your rookie has multiple cantrips, these can each be from a different class—an acolyte, for example, may have 1 cleric and 1 warlock cantrip.

Destiny Points

Rookies are not completely helpless—they have a reserve of grit and determination to dig into, unlocking a burst of power and ability—these are called destiny points.

You start with 3 destiny points, regaining spent points after completing a long rest. You can spend a destiny point during your turn to do something improvised and extraordinary—use these as an opportunity to discover what class your rookie might grow into.

  • GM:You strike the mage fiercely, but he still stands.
  • Ulryn:Can I stun him as part of that attack?
  • GM:I don't know—is that your destiny?
  • Ulryn:I think Ulryn's master taught her many ways to incapacitate a man without killing him (offers the GM a destiny point).
  • GM:The mage staggers back, momentarily stunned, as your fist slams into his jaw (takes the destiny point).

You can use one destiny point per turn, and you can't use the same power more than once—vary your heroics.

Leveling Up

Once your rookie levels up and reaches 1st-level, replace your core details (hit points, hit die, saving throws, and proficiencies) with those of your class as per normal.

As a keepsake, you may keep one notable feature from your time as a rookie. Choose one of the following:

  1. Saving throw: Replace one class saving throw (of your choosing) with your rookie saving throw.
  2. Armor/weapon proficiency: Keep one armor/weapon proficiency, obeying any prerequisites—you can't take heavy armor proficiency if your class doesn't already grant medium armor proficiency, for example.
  3. Cantrip: Keep one rookie cantrip (of your choosing) in addition to any others your class may grant.
  4. Extra hit points: Add your rookie hit point maximum (excluding CON) to your 1st-level hit point maximum.

Monsters & Traps

Rookies are very fragile without class abilities and gear to protect them. Monsters and traps will be a significant challenge for rookies, so aim to use only CR 0 and—on occasion—CR 1/8 challenges. Monsters and traps should deal around 1 damage per hit, allowing even the weakest rookie to survive a couple of unfortunate attacks.

Giffyglyph's Monster Maker: If you want to create level-appropriate monsters for your rookies—or any other adventure—try Giffyglyph's Monster Maker, a monster-focused D&D supplement with guides and templates to help you build new monsters in seconds.

Howling Skeleton

Level -1 Striker
  • Medium humanoid, Undead
Minion (3 XP)
  • Armor Class7
  • Attack Bonus+1
  • Hit Points3 (2)
  • Damage1
  • Speed30 ft
  • Spell DCs10, 7
Str +1
Dex +1
Con +2
Int +0
Wis +0
Cha −1
Saving Throws Con −1, Dex/Str −3, Wis/Int/Cha −4
Skills Initiative −1, Perception −1, Stealth −1


Level 0 Controller
  • Medium humanoid
Standard (25 XP)
  • Armor Class12
  • Attack Bonus+2
  • Hit Points16 (8)
  • Damage1
  • Speed30 ft
  • Spell DCs10, 7
Str +1
Dex −1
Con +2
Int +3
Wis +0
Cha +1
Saving Throws Int +3, Con/Str +1, Cha/Wis/Dex −1
Skills Initiative +2, Perception +1, Stealth +1

Adventure Seeds

Rookie adventures traditionally focus on common, everyday people being suddenly thrown into a dangerous situation and—if they're lucky—overcoming it.

If you're unsure what to run for your rookies, consider using these adventure seeds to kickstart some ideas for your game.

Adventure Seeds

d10 Adventure
1 A Village in Flames
2 Dragon Heist
3 Wings of Fury
4 The Mad Mage
5 Crimson Sacrifice
6 The Descent
7 Witch of the West
8 Island of the Dead
9 Smile
10 The Pigmin of Palicor

1A Village in Flames

You awaken in the night to the sound of screams—your small village is aflame and besieged by bloodthirsty bandits. Above the roar of the flames, you hear their leader laugh as villagers are cut down in the street.

These murderers won't let any villager escape with their lives. Will you grab whatever weapon you can find and defend what's left of your home?

2Dragon Heist

It's been a bad harvest this year, and your poor village can't afford food for the coming winter. Rumors say that the red dragon Kalaxigor has flown south from her lair in the nearby mountain, leaving a vast horde of gold temporarily undefended.

A small fortune awaits anyone brave enough—or foolish enough—to venture into the dragons lair. Can you find the horde of gold before the dragon returns?

3Wings of Fury

A frenzied griffin has been attacking farmers on the edge of the village—three have died in the last week alone, gored open by the creature's razor-sharp talons. The local lord has put out a sizable bounty for the beast's head—a small fortune for a simple civilian.

The beast is rumored to nest in the southern forest. Can you and your friends hunt down the griffin and bring back its head without losing your own?

4The Mad Mage

Deep below the corrupt city of Vergheist, a mad mage performs experiments on living captives. You are one of these tortured prisoners—until an earthquake rocks the dungeon and tears the door of your cell free.

The mage's monstrous experiments—freed from their prison cells—now wander the halls hungrily. Can you navigate the dungeon and evade the mad mage long enough to reclaim your freedom?

5Crimson Sacrifice

Atop the blackstone ziggurat of Sultiss, yuan-ti cultists prepare a ritual sacrifice to their blood-thirsty gods. You are one of these unwilling sacrifices, kidnapped from the wild, frontier town of Drembala.

Only one hour remains until the midnight eclipse and the sacrifice begins. Can you find a way to break your bonds and escape the ziggurat of death?

6The Descent

You have uncovered a long-sealed tomb near your village—a tomb of unknown origin. After a few-too-many drinks in the local tavern, you and your friends decide to explore it in search of ancient riches.

But as you all step foot inside, the stone doors of the tomb seal shut behind you. Now, the only way ahead is down. Can you survive the dangers ahead?

7Witch of the West

The witch of the west has cursed your village with hellish, maddening nightmares. Everyone is terrified to sleep at night, for the witch feeds on the souls of those who die in their sleep—and her appetite is endless.

There are no convenient heroes around, so grab your weapons and brave the fetid swamps to the east. Can you find the witch before she kills you in your sleep?

8Island of the Dead

A prison ship, caught in a ferocious storm near the dreaded Island of the Dead, capsizes with you on board. Beyond all hope, you are washed ashore with a handful of survivors. Far in the distance, you see a beached boat that may be the only way off this island.

But from all around, you hear the hungry moans of the walking dead. Can you survive long enough to repair the boat and sail out to sea?


The town's children are going missing, lured into the sewers by a strange man with a clown's face. In your dreams, you see the clown-faced man standing over a field of silent, faceless children. They have no mouths and can't scream.

Now, your sister has gone missing. Without hesitation, you descend into the sewers to find her. Can you rescue your sister from the smiling clown?

10The Pigmin of Palicor

You find yourself strapped to an operating table as the mad Butcher of Palicor prepares to turn you into one of her monstrous Pigmin. But a freak explosion sets you and the other prisoners free, tearing open a hole in the tower to the black forest beyond.

You flee into the forest—but the Pigmin have your scent, and they are hungry. Can you find a way to escape the horrifying Butcher and her warped creations?

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