Characters don't exist in a bubble; they affect and are affected by their surroundings—going without sleep makes you tired, failing to eat makes you hungry, not drinking makes you thirsty. With survival conditions, players track the physical state of their character. It's hard, thirsty work being an adventurer—do you have the resources to survive?

This chapter introduces several survival conditions and examples of how to use them in your game.

Your Conditions

With survival conditions, players keep track of three basic physical states that can affect their character's general performance: hunger, thirst, and fatigue.

  1. Hunger: Few things burn through calories as fast as adventuring, so keep some snacks in your pocket.
  2. Thirst: Adventure, travel, and combat are thirsty work. Keep a waterskin close by to avoid dehydration.
  3. Fatigue: It takes a keen mind to watch out for danger, so get regular sleep to stay alert and aware.

These basic conditions worsen naturally throughout the day, becoming more severe and—if left untreated—can eventually lead to increasing levels of exhaustion. Depending on the situation, this can be a real problem for your character:

Viridian has been travelling at speed through the Emerald Rift for two days, chased by the relentless Witch of Gloamgard. His supplies are running low, and—due to the chase—hasn't been able to rest easily in the haunted woods.

The bard is ravenous (5 hunger), parched (3 thirst), and barely awake (6 fatigue)—he has +2 exhaustion from his conditions, cutting his speed in half. Unless Viridian can find food fast for some quick energy, the dreaded Witch will be right on his heels.

Keep an eye on your conditions and use your supplies to manage them as best you can—eat food to stave off hunger, drink water to quench your thirst, and get some sleep to remove your fatigue.

Survival Conditions

Stage Hunger Thirst Fatigue Temperature Effect Stamina DC
0 Stuffed Quenched Energized Perfect −1 Exhaustion
1 Well-fed Refreshed Well-rested Comfortable 5
2 Ok Ok Ok Ok 10
3 Peckish Parched Tired Noticeable 15
4 Hungry Thirsty Sleepy Uncomfortable 20
5 Ravenous Dry Very sleepy Overwhelming +1 Exhaustion 25
6 Starving Dehydrated Barely awake Unbearable +1 Exhaustion 30

Gaining a Condition

Characters gain hunger, thirst, and fatigue in four primary ways whilst adventuring: through the natural passage of time, by falling to 0 hit points, through failure consequences, and by suffering certain monster attacks.

Time of Day

As the day progresses, characters become more hungry, thirsty, and tired. Conditions worsen at dawn, noon, and dusk—the specific effects are listed in the table below.

Hunger, Thirst & Fatigue

Time Hunger Thirst Fatigue
Dawn +1 +1
Noon +1
Dusk +1 +1 +1

Across a normal, uneventful day, a character will gain +2 hunger, +2 thirst, and +2 fatigue—this means a character needs 2 rations of food, 2 rations of water, and a good night's sleep each day to stay in good form.

During the adventure, the GM—or whoever else is keeping track of time—announces the changes in character conditions when appropriate.

  • GM:It's been a long afternoon, but dusk approaches. Everyone gains +1 hunger, +1 thirst, and +1 fatigue.

Falling to 0 HP

Nearing death is an exhausting shock to the body. If you fall to 0 hit points for any reason—including shapeshifted forms such as Wild Shape—you gain +1 fatigue.

  • GM:The orc clubs you for 9 hit points, Sarien.
  • Sarien:Ouch, that knocks me unconscious.
  • GM:Bad luck. Gain +1 fatigue.
  • Sarien:Damn it. If I survive this, I'm gonna need the longest sleep tonight...


You may gain survival conditions as a consequence of failing an action, at your GM's discretion—or, if using the Degrees of Success rules, offer to gain a condition and succeed at a cost.

  • GM:To cross the pit requires a simple jump, Clanda—roll a DC 10 Athletics check.
  • Clanda:Ok.. (rolls 9) ...augh, so close!
  • GM:You clear the jump with a stumble, noticing a rumble in your stomach as you land. Gain +1 hunger.

Monster Attacks

Monster and environmental effects can drain characters of their stamina and resources. As GM, add condition modifiers to some of your existing monster attacks and traps—or add brand new condition-causing powers.

  • A fire elemental burns the air around you with a blast of searing heat: you gain +1 thirst.
  • A green ooze wraps around your arm and sucks the nutrients from your flesh: you gain +1 hunger.
  • An eldritch mage whispers a cacophonous verse and commands you to sleep: you gain +1 fatigue.

Improving Your Condition

Whenever appropriate, your character can attempt to improve their physical condition in a manner that makes sense. Some of the most common actions are:

  • Eat a ration of food: −1 hunger per ration. Better quality food may relieve more hunger per ration.
  • Drink a ration of water: −1 thirst per ration. Better quality water may relieve more thirst per ration.
  • Get a good night's sleep: (undisturbed) −3 fatigue. A disturbed night's sleep grants only −1 fatigue.
  • GM:You rise at dawn, Valiant, your stomach growling. Gain +1 hunger and +1 thirst.
  • Valiant:I'll eat one of my rations (−1 hunger) and take a swig from my waterskin (−1 thirst)—that should keep me going till nightfall.


As your character's condition worsens, they become increasingly more exhausted. Whenever a condition reaches stage 5 or 6, it generates +1 exhaustion—for a maximum of +3 exhaustion across all conditions.

Valiant is ravenous (5 hunger), dry (5 thirst), and barely awake (6 fatigue)—he has +3 exhaustion from his unfortunate conditions.

Unable to find food, he later finds himself starving (6 hunger). His exhaustion remains at +3.

Persistent: Once a condition has begun to cause exhaustion, that exhaustion remains on your character until the condition is sufficiently improved (such as by being reduced to stage 4 or lower).

Relieving Exhaustion

A condition stops causing exhaustion once it has been improved to stage 4 or higher. After the next short rest, update the character's exhaustion counters.

Valiant finds a cache of food supplies. He immediately eats 3 rations-worth, healing 3 hunger and improving his overall condition to Peckish.

His Hunger condition continues to add +1 exhaustion until he takes a short rest, at which point his total exhaustion drops from +3 to +2.

Stamina Check

It's hard work being an adventurer—battles to fight, ropes to climb, rivers to swim—and such activity can be draining to those without the proper constitution.

After a particularly strenuous event, the GM can ask you to make a Stamina check (Constitution saving throw) against the DC of your best condition. A failure means that your stamina was tapped during the event—roll a d6 to see which condition worsens.

Stamina Check

d6 Outcome
1-2 +1 Hunger
3-4 +1 Thirst
5-6 +1 Fatigue
  • GM:The last goblin drops his dagger and flees into the night. Well done, everyone. Now roll a Stamina check.
  • Valiant:14. I didn't break a sweat.
  • Sarien:9. That's what I get for skipping breakfast... (rolls 6) ...+1 fatigue. Getting sleepy here.
  • Clanda:7. Damn, not enough. I gain... (rolls 4) ...+1 thirst. Great, and my waterskin's dry already. Anyone got a drink? I'm feeling pretty thirsty right now.

Variant: Temperature

If you want to give a mechanical environmental effects, add the Temperature survival condition to your game.

With the Temperature condition, characters must watch out for the weather and keep their body temperature in check to avoid suffering from exhaustion.

Gaining Temperature

Your body temperature is affected primarily by the weather and environment. The GM describes the baseline temperature when appropriate—often when you enter or research a new region, dungeon, or lair:

  • GM:It's starting to rain outside and, as you step out, an uncomfortably cold wind blows past. You think it might become unbearably cold outside tonight if the rain continues to pour.

Hot or Cold

The temperature conditions apply to both hot and cold climates—it could be unbearably cold in the arctic wastes, or unbearably hot in the arid desert.

Time of Day

Temperatures change throughout the day as the sun rises and sets. Check the table below to see how the baseline temperature might be affected by your climate.

Climate Temperature Change

Time Hot Moderate Cold
Morning +1 +1
Afternoon +2 −1
Evening +1 +1
Night +1 +2

Monster Effects

Some monsters can affect the surrounding temperature by their sheer presence, producing scorching heat or chilling winds.

  • GM:Frozen winds surround the King of Frost—it is unbearably cold around him. If you end your turn adjacent to him, you'll suffer the chill...

Improving your Temperature

Whenever appropriate, your character can improve their temperature in a manner that makes sense. Some of the most common actions are:

  • Appropriate clothing: Thick furs and cloaks will help protect you from the cold, while thin fabrics will help cool you in the heat.
  • Find shelter: Sometimes you have to take a break and rest. Build a shelter to keep warm against a freezing wind, or provide shade against a scoring sun.
  • Cast spells: Some spells and abilities may provide you with a burst of much-needed warmth or cold.
  • Racial abilities: Some races are naturally resilient against cold or heat. These innate characteristics will help protect you against certain temperatures.
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